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Of all the outlying villages that developed in the two-hundred-year history of Jefferson County,
Anchorage has most nearly retained its character in the path of the suburban growth of Louisville. Located in eastern Jefferson
County along LaGrange Rd., it is a park-like community of some eight hundred and fifty residences, a school, churches, and a few businesses
located in the wooded hills and valleys adjoining branches of Beargrass and Goose Creeks.
northwestern boundary is formed by land claimed in 1773 by Isaac Hite and identified on John Filson's first map of Kentucky as Hite's
Mill, later part of the grounds of Central State Hospital and the E.P. Sawyer State Park. The connecting roads to the Ohio River
at Harrods Creek and to Middletown on the south were early transportation routes along which the farms of the first settlers were
Most influential among the early landowners was Edward Dorsey Hobbs, whose family was
in business in Middletown. As a surveyor, he had drawn some of the earlier maps of Louisville as well as Anchorage and planned
for the orderly growth of the area. He was involved with the establishment of the Louisville and Frankfort Railroad (later purchased
by Louisville & Nashville Railroad) through Anchorage in 1849. For several years the crossroads was known as Hobbs' Station.
Although the Ohio River is twelve miles away, the nautical name of the retirement home of riverboat
captain James W. Goslee was adopted when the town was incorporated in 1878, three years after his death at a railroad crossing.
Tradition has it that the anchor that hangs inside the rim of a locomotive wheel in the center of town is the one that Captain Goslee
removed from his ship, the Matamora, and put on his lawn at "The Anchorage" in 1869. It is a monument to the river and the railroad
and those who shaped the town's growth.
With train service available, including the Louisville,
Anchorage, and Pewee Valley interurban line starting in 1901, students seeking a high school education could attend the local boarding
schools: Bellewood Female Seminary, Pine Hill Academy, and Forest Military Academy. Construction of the Citizens National
Life Insurance Co. building in 1911 generated enough tax base to allow the community to create Anchorage Graded and High School.
The chapel at the Bellewood Seminary had become the meeting place of a Presbyterian congregation organized in Middletown in 1799.
In 1869 the gothic Revival-style sanctuary of the Anchorage Presbyterian Church was built. St. Luke's Episcopal Church was built
in 1908, and the Catholic Church of the Epiphany was constructed in 1975.
Isaac W. Bernheim, a Louisville distiller and the benefactor of Bernheim Forest, was among those
prominent citizens who acquired a summer house in Anchorage. Through his influence, the Frederick Law Olmsted firm of Brookline,
Massachusetts, was commissioned in 1914 to design a plan for the growth of Anchorage. The plan incorporated the stone bridges
and triangle intersections that were features of the Louisville park system, also designed by the firm. Bernheim was the
first president of the Anchorage Civic League, formed in 1914. The league has worked closely with the town bord on issues
of public concern. With growth stimulated by the rail lines, the town board acted in 1901 to confine commercial growth
to a limited district, thus beginning the zoning and land use planning that protected the town from incompatible development.
Between 1878 and 1978, many of the large estates were subdivided into smaller building sites. The number of houses nearly doubled
between 1977 and 1997. To preserve the rural character of the town, an Anchorage Historic District was created, with listing
on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Ten years later, the boundaries of the district were extended to include
most of the town. The town became a fifth-class city in 1966 and moved to a fourth-class city in 1984. The current population
of Anchorage is almost 3,000.
See Edith Woods, Middletown Days and Deeds (Louisville 1946); Leone W. Hallenberg, Anchorage (Anchorage
1959); Mildred Ewen, Anchorage Revisited (Louisville 1976).
City of Anchorage, Kentucky
1306 Evergreen Road
Anchorage, Kentucky 40223
Phone (502) 245-4654
Fax (502) 245-5651